A Selection of Women Writers who Emigrated and Occasionally Changed Nationalities
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By Rachel Sherlock
The poet and author H.D., best known for her poem, Oread, was born in the US in 1886, and moved to England in 1911. She married the English poet Richard Adlington in 1913, from whom she divorced in 1938. H.D. moved to Switzerland in 1946, occasionally travelled to the US but died in Switzerland in 1961.
Jean Rhys, a mid-20th-century novelist was born and grew up in the Caribbean island of Dominica, became a resident in England from the age of 16. She is best known for her novel Wide Sargasso Sea (1966), written as a prequel to Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre.
Pamela Lyndon Travers, was born in Australia in 1899 and emigrated to England where she lived most of her adult life. The British novelist, actress, and journalist is known best for the Mary Poppins series of children's books featuring the magical English nanny Mary Poppins.
Judith Kerr, born in 1923 in Germany, came to Britain with her family in 1933 during the rise of the Nazis. The British writer and illustrator is known for her picture books such as the Mog series and The Tiger Who Came to Tea and acclaimed novels for older children such as the semi--autobiographical When Hitler Stole Pink Rabbit which give a child's-eye view of the Second World War.
Donna Leon was born in the US in 1942. The American author has lived in Venice for over 25 years. She is best known for her series of crime novels set in Venice featuring the fictional hero Commissario Guido Brunetti.
Mary Prince was born in Devonshire Parish, Bermuda c. 1788, to an enslaved family of African descent. While she was later living in London, her autobiography, The History of Mary Prince (1831), was the first account of the life of a black woman to be published in the United Kingdom.