Arkady Strugatsky was born on August 28, 1925 in Batumi city and later lived in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg). After the war broke out he took part in building fortifications and then worked at a grenade works. Arkady studied at Actyubinsk Art College. Before the very graduation in spring 1943 he was detached to Moscow, the Military Institute of Foreign Languages which he graduated in 1949 as an interpreter from the English and Japanese languages. Later he was as a teacher at Kansk School for military interpreters and then served as divisional interpreter in the Far East. In 1955 he got discharged and moved to Moscow. Arkady Strugatsky was a member of editorial boards of various periodicals and collected works.
He started writing stories and translating foreign authors when in the army (and it was there where he wrote his first fiction narrative ‘Ashes of Bikini’ (1956) jointly with Lev Petrov. Arkady Strugatsky also wrote several works on his own under the pen-name S. Yaroslavtsev. However, most fiction works were written in co-authorship with his brother Boris Strugatsky.